Pipes are an integral part of any home improvement project. When it comes to faucet pipes, they are typically installed under the sink and run through the wall for a distance of up to five feet or more or less. They are usually made from PVC or copper piping material that can be easily cut with a pipe cutter on working site. The type of pipe you choose will depend on your personal preference and budget as well as whether you want to use threaded fittings or slip-fit fittings. For more information about what type of faucet pipes work best for your situation, read below.
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The Types of Faucet Pipes
Pipes have been around for centuries and plumbing has come a long way from the clay pipes used in ancient Greece. Today, many different types of materials are used to supply water and carry sewage away. The most common five pipe types found today are
- Galvanized steel pipes
No matter what type you use, they all can be installed using one tool. An auger drill of plumbers is capable of drilling through any material with ease.
However, not all pipes are suitable for every situation. Building codes ensure public safety and protection from property damage by laying out specific measures. Also, it should be adhered to, including what type of piping is best suited for certain plumbing projects.
The following details provide advice on the different types of pipe a plumber will use in various situations:
-Building Codes set forth guidelines which determine how each type of pipe can or cannot be used based off their purpose. -Aside from these building regulations, there are also practical considerations like whether the project requires an elbow or not. For water pressure reasons you’ll want to choose galvanized steel if it’s going outside with limited access.
1. PEX: Used for Water Supply Pipe
Polyethylene cross-linked pipe (PEX) is the latest type of water supply line that does not leach traces of rust or corrosion into the water like other types. This new flexible plastic tubing can be installed with simple tools and it works well in difficult spaces, making it a popular choice for plumbing systems.
This is flexible and inexpensive plastic tubing that can withstand the corrosive water. It’s easy to install too—one only needs an electric drill, saw, or reciprocating saw with cutting blade for polypipe installation.
The color-coded construction of Uponor AquaPEX Tubing makes it easier for plumbers and homeowners to keep their plumbing organized. It comes in three colors: red, blue, or white. No doubt, PEX is an ideal faucet pipe.
Traditional water supply lines are much more prone to leaks and can be difficult to maintain. They branch off the main line, which means that there is a higher risk of having fixtures go without water. It only happens when in case something goes wrong with one end of the system or another.
A single PEX tube connects directly from your hot or cold faucet while other ends connect into manifolds located centrally around your home. It’s for easy access when you need repairs done on any given fixture.
Each manifold has its own valve. So it’s possible for workers to maintain to turn easily shut-off whichever side needs work at a time.
A single PEX tube that runs from one fixture to the next is called a “home run” connection. This way, you can make your connections without having to worry about being in the same room as all of them.
2. PVC: Used for Drain, Vent pipe And Waste
Polyvinyl chloride is a common material used in the sewage systems of many homes. It’s specifically referred to as DWV, which stands for Drain Waste Venting system. PVC is the type of DWV pipes. There is no room to be confused with PVC water supply pipes or hot-water carrying lines. Hot water carrying pipes are made from different materials because they have higher pressure needs than drain piping does.
You can find three-inch and four-inch PVC pipes in a variety of colors at your local hardware store. The smaller pipe is often used for sink drains to avoid air locks that could cause sinks to overflow or sewage backups which requires expensive repairs.
3. ABS: Also Used for Drains, Waste, and Vent Pipes
At your demand, you may find a black pipe in your sink, tub or toilet drain. It is probably made from acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) which touches many qualities with PVC ̶ making it similarly popular for use.
Though ABS isn’t as common nowadays due to its poor resistance against corrosion and chemical erosion, these pipes come in sizes similar to PVC. So if this material doesn’t seem like something you want anywhere near water, you can still find plenty of other materials on offer at any popular store.
The ABS pipes and Nibco P-Trap parts used to repair existing systems are more durable than PVC. However, they cannot be exposed to direct sunlight because the material can become brittle if it is not in a cool environment like an underground pipe or inside of your home where there’s air conditioning 24/7.
4. Copper Pipe: Used for Water Supply Lines
The copper pipe was first discovered in Cyprus more than 4,000 years ago. The metal can be traced back even further to the ancient Egyptians and Sumerians who used it for pottery vessels as well as building plumbing systems.
As a faucet pipe, the copper has been in use for decades and is still a favorite among many homeowners and industries. Copper pipes are favored because they don’t affect the water quality like other materials. Used over time, the copper exposure to acidic environments can cause leaching of its protective layer that accumulates on its surface.
So safely managed with regular inspection from professionals such as plumbers, you’ll find these pipes durable around sinks, showers, tubs and fixtures alike. It happens for both old and new homes.
Copper plumbing is the most expensive choice available, but it becomes even more costly when you consider the fact that professional installation and repairs are needed.
5. Galvanized Steel Pipes : Used for Water Supply and Drain Lines for Older Homes
When it comes to plumbing, galvanized pipe is the perfect alternative for homes with lead pipes. If you have a home built before 1990, then your drain and waste lines were probably made of galvanized steel rather than plastic or copper.
Galvanized pipe became a great option to go with when the lead pipes were still there. Because they acted as a less hazardous replacement for those who did not want their water supply exposed to toxic metals like lead.
You may also find different types of replacements such as elbows and tees made out of durable metal at nearby stores that will last you years without needing repair or maintenance work done on them.
When it comes to your home’s drinking water, you want the best product out there. Galvanized pipes have a tendency to rust over time and if this is what’s supplying your drinking water then we recommend replacing these galvanized pipes with copper or PEX lines for improved quality of life.
In retrofitting situations where either PEX tubing may be preferable for its flexible nature is good for installation. It makes installation much easier than that of using other types of line materials which typically require workers to remove drywall in order of installations safely.
How to Connect a Kitchen Faucet Supply Line?
You might be tempted to just replace your kitchen faucet, but you can easily upgrade it by connecting the water supply lines. For example, some kitchens have a long hose and short valve stem which means that they would not work if straight pipes were used for the connection point. The solution is as easy as buying new plumbing supplies and getting connected to it.
The following instructions will help you connect a kitchen faucet cartridge to the supply line.
Measurement: What size is your faucet? Is it 1/2-inch or 3/8 inch male threads? The female thread on the supply valve may be either a 1/2-inch or 3/4 inch.
When you turn off one of two water lines, make sure to close both valves and measure how far away they are from each other in order to get an estimate for what kind of connector you will need when installing that second line.
Get a perfect length supply line: In order to get a better faucet, you’ll need some new supply lines that reach from the water spout all the way back to your valve. Make sure one end has a 1/2-inch fitting for connecting with other parts, and another connector on it so that it will fit into your current male connector.
Clean off the supply connectors: The faucet in your kitchen is important to the functionality of your home. You should always remember to wipe off any dirt or debris from its supply connectors and valves with a clean rag. For added protection, wrap both threads on the connector and valve with two layers of thread seal tape for an extra measure against leaks.
Connect the supply line: To connect the braided faucet supply line, first unscrew and remove water from both ends. Next find a secure area to mount your new hose bib connection so that you have access to it when needed.
Now take one end of the 1/2 inch braided connector and screw onto this assembly on each side with an adjustable wrench until tight enough but not too tight or else there may be leaks.
Again, take two more connectors for connecting indoor plumbing fixtures such as sinks, and then attach them by twisting clockwise into place before tightening securely in order not to create any leaks due improper installation.
A newly installed outdoor spigot is almost like having another appliance out back which can save time without going inside every time.
Hot water supply line from the faucet to the hot water valve: Match the hot water supply line from the faucet to your desired location. Connect it with a nut and tighten in place until you feel resistance on both ends of the pipe being used. Repeat this step for cold water if needed. Then turn each valve clockwise all the way around one full rotation before doing anything else.
Ho to Install a Kitchen Faucet?
The Last Words
When you need to install a new faucet pipe, it is important to know what type of pipe the system has. If your pipes are copper or PEX then there are different options for installing them with various advantages and disadvantages depending on which one you choose.
For example, if your pipes are made from PVC then they may be more prone to freezing than other types of materials in cold weather climates. The above types all have their pros and cons. So make sure that you do some research before picking one out what type you think will work best for your situation.